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不过还是希望这些有趣的句子能给你的学习带去

来源:http://www.pthyfx.com 作者:永利集团登录网址-永利集团最新网站 时间:2019-09-25 00:36

学习是件苦差事,本身不努力,资料再好也白搭。然而如故期待这几个风趣的句子能给您的就学带去些许的乐趣。

  1. We are definitely not saying that experts cannot be helpful. Indeed, we cannot function without depending on people who we think might have knowledge we can use. In a sense, we are encouraging you to pay even more attention to experts than you might already give them. But, as will be clear soon, we need to listen to experts of many different kinds, sorting and discarding as we listen and evaluate. We listen to them to construct our answer. We do not listen to them to follow their advice, as if we were but a helpless lamb or a puppet on the expert’s string.
  1. With my own ears I clearly heard the heart beat of the nuclear bomb.
    本人亲耳清楚地听到原子弹的命脉的跳动。
  2. Next year the bearded bear will bear a dear baby in the rear.
    度岁,长胡子的熊将在后方产二头喜人的小崽.
  3. Early I searched through the earth for earthware so as to research in earthquake.
    从前小编在泥土中寻觅陶器以斟酌地震.
  4. I learn that learned earnest men earn much by learning.
    自身意识到有学问而认真的人靠知识挣相当多钱.
  5. She swears to wear the pearls that appear to be pears.
    她发誓要戴那么些看起来像梨子的串珠。
  6. I nearly fear to tear the tearful girl's test paper.
    作者差十分的少害怕撕那些泪如泉涌包车型的士女孩的试卷.
  7. The bold folk fold up the gold and hold it in hand.
    好汉的大家将金子折叠起来拿在手里。
  8. The customers are accustomed to the disgusting custom.
    花费者们习贯了令人讨厌的民俗.
  9. The dust in the industrial zone frustrated the industrious man.
    工业区里的灰尘使勤苦的人灰心.
  10. The just budget judge just justifies the adjustment of justice.
    正义的预算法官只然而为司法调解辩驳而已。
  11. I used to abuse the unusual usage, but now I'm not used to doing so.
    自身过去常滥用这几个不平凡的用法,但笔者现在不习贯那样做。
  12. The lace placed in the palace is replaced first, and displaced later.
    位居皇城的带子先被轮换,后来被转移。
  13. I paced in the peaceful spacecraft.
    本人在平静的天体飞船里踱步.
  14. Sir, your bird stirred my girlfriend's birthday party.
    儒生,你的鸟搅了自己女票的八字集会。
  15. The waterproof material is suitable for the aerial used near the waterfall.
    这种耐水材质适合用在瀑布附近的天线.
  16. I hint that the faint saint painted the printer with a pint of paint.
    自己暗意说虚亏的圣徒用了一级脱水性漆涂印刷机.
  17. At any rate, the separation ratio is accurate.
    无论如何,这几个分离比是纯粹的.
  18. The boundary around the round ground separates us from the surroundings.
    围绕着圆形场面的分界将大家同四周隔开.
  19. The blunder made the underground instrument undergo an undermining of the thunderbolt.
    本条失策让违规仪器经受了一次雷电的损坏。
  20. The tilted salt filters halt alternately for altering.
    倾斜的盐过滤器交替地休憩以便更动.
  21. The wandering band abandoned her bandaged husband on Swan Island.
    飘泊的乐队把他那位打着绷带的相公丢弃在天鹅岛上.
  22. The manly Roman woman manager by the banner had man's manner.
    军旗旁那位有男生气概的古杜塞尔多夫女首席营业官具备男人风姿.
  23. In the lane the planer saw a planet airplane under the crane.
    在坑道工事里,刨工看见了起重型机器下的行星飞机.
  24. The wet pet in the net hasn't got on the jet plane yet.
    网中的湿宠物还一向不登上喷气飞机.
  25. After maintenance the main remains and remainders are left on the domain.
    维修之后,首要遗骸和剩余物留在了领地上.
  26. The grandson branded the brandy randomly.
    外甥给白兰地(BRANDY)任意地打上烙印。
  27. The landlord's land on the hightland of the mainland expanded a lot.
    地主在陆上高原上的土地扩大了相当多.
  28. Utilize the fertilizer to keep the land fertile.
    应用化学肥科保持土地肥沃.
  29. The grand commander demands thousands of sandy sandwiches.
    大司令官要成千个沙色衡水治。
  30. I infer that he is indifferent to differentiating the offers in different conferences.
    本人想来他对界别区别商谈中的报价漠不关切.
  31. The maximum plus or minus the minimum makes minute difference.
    最大值加上可能减去最小值只产生极小的差距.
  32. The witty witness withdraws his words within minutes without any reason.
    幽默的见证在几分钟之内无故地撤除了她说的话.
  33. The cake maker shakes a naked snake with the quaking rake without sake.
    千层蛋糕成立者莫明其妙地用抖动的耙子摇一条赤裸的蛇.
  34. By the crook, the cook looked through a cookbook before making hooked cookies.
    在溪边,大厨在做钩形饼干在此之前查阅了一本美食指南。
  35. The writer writes the white book quite quietly in quilt.
    小说家在被子里十分心和气平地写白皮书。
  36. On the chilly hillside, he is unwilling to write his will on the ten-shilling bill.
    在冰凉的山坡上,他不甘于将遗嘱写在十英镑的账单上.
  37. The weaver will leave for the heavy heaven.
    那位纺织工将要到阴沉的净土里去.
  38. The handy left-hander left a handsome handkerchief on the handle of the handbag.
    利落的左撇子把一方完美手帕留在手袋的把手上。
  39. The thief chief achieved the theft of a handkerchief for mischief.
    贼带头人完毕了偷手帕的恶作剧.
  40. I believe my brief words will relieve her grief.
    本人相信笔者差不离的话会减轻她的悲痛.
  41. At the dock I'm shocked to see the pocket rocket made of a block of rock.
    在码头看到一块岩石做的精工细作火箭,笔者认为振撼.
  42. Standing under the outstanding rock I misunderstood his standard standpoint.
    站在优异的岩石下,小编误解了他的行业内部立场。
  43. The substantial part of the constitution about the institution of institutes is substituted.
    行政法中关于设置组织的实质性部分被替换.
  44. Spell smell! Very well, the well-being for human being will swell.
    拼写气味(一词)!很好,人类的福利将会膨胀.
  45. Once none of you is here, the man in throne will live alone in the lonely zone.
    若果你们尚未人在此,王位上的人将要孤独地活着在这一个寂寞的地区。
  46. Nowadays the once unknown snowy hill is well-known for snowstorm.
    当今这座已经不盛名的多雪小山因湿害而有名.
  47. For instance, I can instantly know the constant distance.
    比如,作者得以即时知道该恒定距离。
  48. The man beyond the bond is fond of the second wonderful diamond.
    那位不受约束的人喜欢第二颗奇怪的金刚石。
  49. While sinking into thinking, the shrinking linkman drank the pink ink sprinkled on the wrinkly paper.
    陷入沉思时,退缩的联系人喝掉了洒在皱纹纸上的粉冰雪蓝墨水。
  50. The contribution distributor thinks the microcomputer pollution is absolutely beyond dispute.
    捐款分配者感到微型Computer污染是纯属不移至理的.
  51. He repeatedly repeats, "Eat meat."
    他再四双重说:"吃肉."
  52. Having canceled X-ray scan, the cancerous candidate on the canvas ate the idle candles in the candy can.
    注销X线扫描后,帆布上的癌症候选人吃了糖果罐里的搁置蜡烛。
  53. The dominant candidate is nominally nominated for president.
    占优势的候选人名义上被任命为总统.
  54. The extravagant savage made the interior and exterior criteria of deterioration.
    奢靡的野蛮人制订了败坏的光景标准.
  55. No, nobody's body is noble, nor is his.
    不,未有任什么人的身体是华贵的,他的亦非.
  56. Axe the tax on taxis. Wax may relax the body.
    减少出租汽车车的税费。川蜡可以使躯体放松.
  57. The man in mask asked me for a task; I let him put the basket on the desk in the dusk.
    戴面具的人向自个儿要职分,小编让她在黄昏时把篮子放到桌子的上面.
  58. The lump jumped off the pump and bumped on the trumpet in the dump.
    傻大个跳下水泵撞到不佳的堆里的号角上。
  59. On my request the conqueror questioned the man who jumped the queue.
    依赖笔者的伸手,克服者责问了插队者.
  60. They are arguing about the document of the monumental instrument.
    她俩在理论关于那件不朽乐器的文献.
  61. However, Lever never fevers; nevertheless, he is clever forever.
    不管怎样,杠杆从未高烧;就算如此,他始终机灵。
  62. I never mind your unkind reminding that my grindstone hinders your cylinder.
    本人绝不介意你不友善的提拔说作者的磨刀石妨碍了您的汽缸。
  63. I feed the food to the bleeding man in the flood.
    本身把食品喂给山洪中的那多少个流血的人.
  64. It's a treason terror of the seasonal oversea seafood is reasonable.
    以为季节性的塞外海鲜的价钱是言之有理的正是背叛。
  65. The veteran in velvet found that the diameter of the thermometer was one metre.
    穿化学纤维的老兵发现温度计的直径为一米.
  66. The cube in the tubular cup occupies one cubic meter.
    筒状杯中的立方体据有叁个立方米(的容积).
  67. Put the spotless potatoes, tomatoes and tobacco atoms into the hot pot.
    把无斑点的马铃薯、洋茄和烟草微粒放进热锅里。
  68. The preacher preached to the teacher's teacup.
    传教士对着老师的保健杯说教.
  69. "My behavior is on behalf of half zebras," the algebra teacher said.
    "小编的一举一动表示了二分之一斑马的益处,"代数老师说.
  70. Unlike my uncle, I likely like that bike (bicycle).
    本身不象三叔,小编很恐怕喜欢这辆机动车.
  71. She likes nothing but things of clothing and cloth.
    除外衣服和布料之类的东西外,她怎么也厌恶.
  72. The doctor's doctrine undid one dollar and a dozen of collars.
    硕士的思想毁掉了一美元和一打衣领。
  73. On the bus the busy businessman did a business with the buyer.
    在集体小车的里面,艰难的商贩与开支者做了一笔生意.
  74. Vegetables and tablets on the stably established table show no instability.
    投身稳虞升卿装的案子上的蔬菜和药片未有显得动荡。
  75. Primarily, the prime criminal's crime has nothing to do with lime and overtime.
    主犯的违反纪律基本上与石灰和加班非亲非故.
  76. The ring on the spring string rings during springtime.
    弹簧弦上的环在青春音响。
  77. Shut in the hut, I'm puzzled how to cut down the output of nuts.
    关在茅棚里,作者为缩减坚果的产量犯难。
  78. It's better to put letters at the inlet and outlet.
    最棒在进口和出口处标上字母.
  79. During this serious period, the superierrorries of questions about the supermarket.
    在这段严穆时间内,上级问了下属三番两次串有关一流市场的难题。
  80. I tuned the tone of the stone phone with a bone.
    小编用骨头调解了石质动铁耳机的音调.
  81. On Revenue avenue, the grave traveler jumped the gravestone bravely.
    在税收大道上,严肃的观景客勇敢地跳过墓碑.
  82. The slave safely saved the sharp shavers in a cave nearby the cafeteria.
    奴隶将辛辣的剃刀安全地保留在自助餐厅周围的洞穴里.
  83. Most hosts are hostile to the foremost ghost hostage almost to the utmost.
    大部主人对最前面包车型大巴阴魂人质的敌对态度大约到了极顶.
  84. The mapper trapped in the gap tapped the tap wrapper with strap.
    陷在缝中的制图者用皮带轻击塞子套.
  85. The scout with shoulder-straps shouted on the outermost route as a routine.
    戴肩章的尖兵照例在最外侧的不二等秘书诀上叫喊.
  86. The reproached coach unloaded the loaves to the approachable roadside.
    倍受诟病的教练把面包卸到可临近的路旁.
  87. The news about the broadened breadth is broadcast abroad.
    大幅加宽的信息被广播到外国.
  88. The motive of the emotional movie is to move the removed men.
    那部心绪电影的遐思在于感动被开掉的人。
  89. Otherwise, mother will go to another movie together with brother.
    不然,母亲就和姐夫一齐去看另一场电影。
  90. Furthermore, we gathered leather and feather for the future colder weather.
    再者,大家搜聚了皮革和羽绒以敷衍以往越来越冷的气象。
  91. Before the premier, the old soldier scolds the cold weather.
    老兵当着首相的面漫骂冰冷的气象。
  92. Whether the weather is good or bad, neither father nor I am going to the gathering.
    任凭天气是好是坏,父亲和自身都不去参与那多少个集会。
  93. The Particle party's partner participated in the particular Parliament.
    粒子党的联合署有名气的人涉足了特别会议.
  94. For convenience of intensive study, he has an intense intention of making friend with me.
    为便于强化学习,他有和本身交朋友的分明妄图。
  95. The virtueless girl's duty is to wash the dirty shirts and skirts in the outskirts.
    无美德女孩的任务正是在金安区洗脏T恤和裙子.
  96. I glimpsed the dancer balancing herself on the ambulance by chance.
    自家刚刚瞥见舞蹈者在救护车里使协和保持平衡。
  97. Balloon, baseball, basketball, football and volleyball all dance ballet on the volcano.
    音乐球、棒球、篮球、足球和排球都在火山上跳芭蕾。
  98. A gallon of gasoline and the nylon overalls fall into the valley.
    One plus仑柴油和尼龙办事裤落进了山沟。
  99. Palm calmly recalled the so-called caller.
    "手掌"平静地想起了足够所谓的拜候者.
  100. In the hall, the shallow challenger shall be allowed to swallow the swallows.
    在客厅里,肤浅的对手将被允许吞下燕子.
  101. The tall man installed a small wallet on the wall.
    高个男子把一小钱袋安置到墙上.
  102. Except dishonest ones, anyone who is honest can get honey, everyone thinks so.
    除此而外不诚实的人外,任何诚实的人都能获取蜂糖,人人都这么想。
  103. The exhausted man and the trustful guy thrust a knife into the rusty crust.
    风尘仆仆的男士和相信的东西将一把刀子刺向生锈的外壳。
  104. I finally find that the financial findings are binding.
    自身究竟开掘经济侦查结果拥有约束力。
  105. At the windy window, the widow finds a blind snake winding.
    在当风的窗口,寡妇发掘有条瞎眼蛇在游动。
  106. I refuse to accuse Fuse of diffusing confusion.
    小编推却控告导火索传布混乱。
  107. He had an amusing excuse for executing the executive.
    对于处决决策人,他有两个令人捧腹的理由.
  108. At the dawn on the lawn the yawning drowned man began to frown.
    拂晓时在绿茵上,打呵欠的溺水者初步皱眉头.
  109. Mr Brown owns the brown towels in the downtown tower.
    布朗先生具有夜间开业的市场区塔里的红金棕毛巾。
  110. Lots of pilots plot to dot the rotten robot.
    巨额领航员策划给贪墨的机器人照料.
  111. In the hot hotel the devoted voter did not notice the noticeable notebook.
    在热暑的旅店里,热心的选民未有放在心上到分明的记录本。
  112. The notorious man's noted notation denotes a notable secret.
    充足臭名昭著的男子的头面符号代表八个值得关心的秘密.
  113. Yes, yesterday was the my pay-day; I pay you the payment today.
    不错,前天是作者的发薪日,笔者明日提交你薪金.
  114. Lay a layer of clay on the displayed layout before the relay race.
    接力赛从前在彰显的摆放上铺一层黏土.
  115. "The gay mayor maybe lay in the hay by the Baby bay," he says in dismay.
    她丧气地说:"快活的市长大概躺在婴孩湾两旁的干草中。"
  116. The delayed player delegation stay on the playground.
    被贻误的运动员代表团停留在操场上。
  117. The X-rayed prayer preyed a gray tray.
    照过X光的祈祷者捕获了二个水草绿盘子。
  118. Anyway, the prayer swayed by me always goes away by subway.
    不顾,受作者说了算的祈祷者总是从大巴走向国外。
  119. The chocolates on the plate stimulated my son to calculate.
    市场价格里的巧克力慰勉了外孙子进行总计.
  120. One of my relatives, a late translator, translated a book relating to public relations.
    本身的壹位亲属,多个逝世翻译,翻译了一本有关羽关的书。
  121. He relates that he is isolated from his relatives.
    他汇报说她与亲朋好友们隔开开了.
  122. The educator located the local location allocated to him.
    国学家定出了分红给她的片段的地点.
  123. Comply with the compatible rule of complement when using compliments.
    动用问候语时遵循补语的相容准则.
  124. The complicated indicator is dedicated to the delicate delicious machine.
    其一纷纷的提示器被进献给精密而特出的机器.
  125. Likewise, my bike gave a striking strike to the two men alike.
    完全一样,笔者的车子给那四个相象的人惊人的打击.
  126. The smoke choked the joking stroker at one stroke.
    烟一下呛住了戏谑的抚摩者.
  127. Somewhere somebody sometimes does something good.
    在某处有些人不常做一点好事。
  128. Wherever I go, nowhere I like; I dislike everywhere.
    不论是自己到哪个地方,未有何地为作者爱不忍释,我看不惯每二个地方.
  129. Therefore, the atmosphere is merely a sphere.
    就此大气层只可是是二个圆球。
  130. The funny cunning runner uses his gum gun before sunrise or after sunset.
    滑稽乖巧的赛跑者在日出在此以前或日落之后采用胶皮枪。
  131. The applause paused because of the cause caused by a cautious plausible clause.
    掌声停了是因为一条谨严的仿佛有理的条目款项引起的因由。
  132. The county councilor encountered the accountant at the counter of a countryside shop.
    中国共产党县委员会委员在一乡下公司的柜台边遇见了出纳。
  133. I mounted the mountain and found a fountain with large amount of water.
    自己登上那座山发掘二个水量异常的大的喷泉。
  134. Step by step, the sleepy creeper crawled into my sleeve to sleep.
    昏昏欲睡的爬虫一步一步爬进自家的衣袖里睡觉.
  135. After a deep sleep, the weeping sweeper keeps on peeping the sheep on the steep.
    酣然之后,哭泣的清扫者继续窥视峭壁上的羊。
  136. The vice-adviser advised the reviser to devise a device for getting rid of vice.
    代办参照他事他说加以考察提议考订者想出二个肃清陋习的战术.
  137. The wise man used his wisdom in the vertical advertisement device.
    智者把智慧用在笔直的 广告设置上。
  138. With rhythm, the arithmetic teacher put the artist's artificial articles on the vehicle.
    算术先生把乐师的人工货物有节奏地放到运载工具里.
  139. The smart star starts to make cart chart for the commencement.
    精明的影星开端制作授学位仪式用的马车图表。
  140. The lady is glad to give the salad to the sad lad on the ladder.
    女士愿意把色拉送给梯子上的那位难熬的小家伙.
  141. You mad madam, my dad doesn't like the bad badminton pad.
    您那个疯太太,作者阿爸不希罕这种坏羽毛球垫.
  142. The one-legged beggar begins to beg eggs illegally.
    独腿托钵人开首违法讨蛋。
  143. The promoter promptly made a quotation for the remote control motors.
    发起人立时制了一份遥控马达的报价单。
  144. Each pea and peach on the beach can be reached by the peacock.
    沙滩上的每一颗豌豆和黄肉桃孔雀都能触及.
  145. Although the plan was thorough, it was not carried through.
    尽管安顿很详细,不过尚未到手落到实处。
  146. Thoughtful men ought not to be thoughtless about the drought.
    关注的人不应该对干旱考虑不周。
  147. “Rough cough is tough enough,” Bough said while touching the torch.
    “剧烈头疼是够难以对付的,”大树枝在触摸手电筒时说道.
  148. The football team stopped the steam stream with beams.
    足球队用横杆堵住了蒸汽流.
  149. "Ice-cream!" he screamed in dream.
    "冰淇淋!"他在梦里惊叫道.
  150. For example, this simple sample similar to his can be exemplified.
    譬喻说,这件与她的相似的简短样品能够当作例证。

  151. The spy is shy of taking shelter on the shelf of the shell-like shed.
    特务怕在壳子一样的棚里的派头上位居。

  152. The optional helicopter is adopted to help the optimistic helpless in the hell.
    可采取的直升飞机被用来援助鬼世界里那多少个乐观的无语者.
  153. The cell seller seldom sees the bell belt melt.
    小单间的专营商相当少见到铃铛带子融化。
  154. The costly post was postponed because of the frost.
    那件高昂的邮件由于霜的案由而延搁。
  155. Srain brain on the train is restrained.
    在列车里过于用脑受到约束.
  156. The gained grain drained away with the rain, all the pains were in vain again.
    收获的玉米随大暑流失了,全数辛勤又白费.
  157. Cousin saw a group of couples in cloaks soak their souls in the soapy soup.
    表弟看见一堆穿着斗篷的小两口在肥皂汤里浸透灵魂.
  158. The wounded founder bought a pound of compound.
    受到损伤的创建者买了一磅化合物.
  159. It's easy and feasible to control the disease after cease-fire.
    停战之后决定这种病很轻松也卓有成效。
  160. After a decrease, the price of the grease increases increasingly.
    降落过二次未来,润滑脂的标价渐渐高涨。
  161. Please release that pleasant peasant teaser who brings us plenty of pleasure.
    请释放那些带给大家巨大欢乐的和睦的老乡逗趣者。
  162. In the canal, the Canadian analyzed the bananas.
    在运河里,那二个加拿大人化验了美蕉.
  163. I pointed out the joint on the coin at the disappointing appointment.
    在令人差强人意的约会上,小编提议了硬币上的接头.
  164. His parents apparently stare at the transparent cigarettes.
    她父母鲜明凝视着透明香烟.
  165. The careful man is scarcely scared by the scarce parcel.
    紧凑男士勉强被层层的包裹吓了一下.
  166. I'm rarely aware that the square area is bare.
    自个儿相当少觉察到不行星型区域是光秃秃的.
  167. “Beware the software in the warhouse during the warfare,” hare said glaring at me.
    兔子怒视着自己说:“战役时期小心商旅里的软件。”
  168. I daren't declare that the shares are my spare fare and welfare on the farewell party.
    在握别会上,作者不敢宣称那些期货(Futures)是小编的备用车费和便利。
  169. The external and internal interference interrupts my interpretation at short intervals.
    其间和表面干涉以极短的区间侵扰笔者翻译.
  170. The form of the former formula is formally formulated.
    前一个分子式的款式获得专门的学问表述.
  171. The performer reformed the performance of the transferred transformer.
    歌唱家考订了让渡的变压器的品质.
  172. Normally, enormous deformation is abnormal.
    通常,巨大的变形是不健康的。
  173. The bookworm in uniform is informed of the storm.
    穿克服的书呆子获得龙卷风雨的音讯。
  174. The story about the six-storeyed dormitory tells a glorious history.
    关于六层楼宿舍的传说汇报一段光荣历史。
  175. The perfume consumer presumably assumes that the volume is resumed.
    花露水花费者一旦地考虑音量已恢复.
  176. The voluntary revolutionaries revolted like the outbreak of volcano.
    乐得革命者们象火山发生同样起义了.
  177. It's resolved by resolution that the solution will be used to solve the involved problem.
    决议决定用那些法子解决那些复杂的标题。
  178. The generous general's genuine genius is in making generators.
    那位慷慨将军的实在天才在于创制发电机.
  179. Several severe federal generals drank the mineral water on the miner's funeral.
    许多少个严谨的邦联将军在矿工的葬礼上喝了矿泉水。
  180. The lean man leans on the clean bean plant to read a leaf leaflet.
    瘦人斜靠在绝望的豆科植物上读叶片传单.
  181. I mean he used mean means in the meantime on the ocean.
    自己的意味是里面在海洋上她用了卑鄙手法.
  182. The honourable journalist spent an hour on the journey of tour.
    可敬的摄影媒体人在游览旅程上花了多个小时.
  183. The sour vapour pours into the flourishing flour factory. It's the source of resources.
    酸蒸汽涌进兴旺的面粉厂.那是财富的源泉.
  184. Of course the man's courage encouraged the discouraged tourists in the courtyard.
    本来万分勇敢男人的胆量鼓劲了院落里泄气的游客们。
  185. The zealous dealer has an ideal idea of dealing with the meal.
    好客的生意人有贰个管理膳食的爱不忍释主意.
  186. He conceals the fact that he is jealous of my seal and wants to steal it.
    他背着了她嫉妒小编的印鉴并想偷的事实.
  187. I really realized that a realm came into reality.
    自个儿真地认知到一个帝国已化作现实.
  188. The healer reveals an appealing fact that health is great wealth to the commonwealth.
    医疗者揭破多少个诱惑人的事实:健康是联邦的巨大财富。
  189. The absent-minded student consents to the sentence in the presence of me.
    心神恍惚的学习者在笔者前边同意那份判决.
  190. Presently the present is presented to the representative.
    今昔那份礼品已呈未来意味着前面。
  191. Not for a moment has the comment on commercial phenomenon been mentioned.
    那些关于经贸现象的评论和介绍未有被聊到过。
  192. The mental patient thinks the cement is the elementary element of the ornament.
    精神伤者认为水泥是装饰的骨干成分.
  193. As an exception I accept all his concepts and conceptions except one.
    用作例外,小编经受他有所的定义和构想,独有一个除了。
  194. I perceived that the veil clung on the ceiling of the clinic was deceit.
    自家意识到粘附在医务室天花板上的幔子是个骗局.
  195. The receptionist received a receipt from the receiver.
    招待员收到一份来自接收者的小票。
  196. The reaper leaped over a heap of cheap weapons.
    收割者跃过一群廉价的军火。
  197. The newly imprisoned prisoners poisoned poisonous moisture are hoisted out from the prison.
    中了有剧毒湿气毒的这两天关押的囚徒被从监狱吊出.
  198. The gross grocer crossed his legs before the boss.
    无聊的杂货商在总主管近日叉起腿子.
  199. The lost Bible is possibly the biggest loss of my possessions.
    不见的圣经可能是自己最大的财产损失。
  200. A dose of poison made the noisy man's nose rosy.
    一剂毒药使得吵闹的男子的鼻子形成玫瑰色.
  201. The loser closely enclosed himself in the closet.
    那多少个退步者把温馨严密地密闭在小室内。
  202. The composer was proposed to decompose his composition into components.
    作曲家被提出将撰写分解成单元。?
  203. Suppose you were exposed in the opposite position by your opponent, ...
    比方你被敌方暴光在相反的地点,。。。
  204. The depositor positively positioned the preposition in that position on purpose.
    储户有意确信地介词放置在十二分地方。?
  205. In church the nurse cursed the people pursuing the purple purse.
    在教堂里,医护人员诅咒了追求铁青卡包的 大家。?
  206. The faculty for agricultural culture isn't difficult to cultivate.
    林业养育本领轻松作育。
  207. The reservoir in the reserved preserve is an obstacle to the obstinate observer.
    留住爱慕区内的蓄水池对安常习故的观望者是一个障碍。
  208. The desert deserves the nervous servants to observe.
    不行沙漠值得神经恐慌的公务员们去考查。
  209. The bulk of the ruby rubbish on the pebble bubbles when stirred by bulbed rubber club.
    小卵石上的大相当多红宝石废料在用有球状突起的橡皮短棍搅和是会起泡。
  210. The adjective injected new meaning into the objected objective object.
    这一个形容词给蒙受反对的创建物体注入了新的含义。
  211. The projector is subject to rejection and may be ejected from the project.
    投影机有受到否定的赞同并恐怕被逐出工程。 ?
  212. A day goes through daybreak, morning, noon, afternoon, evening and midnight.
      一天通过坲晓,午夜,正文,清晨,晚上和上午。?
  213. His affection for the defects is affected by the infectious perfect effect.
    他对缺点的挚爱受到具备感染力的应有尽有效果的熏陶。?
  214. The critic's criticism is critical to the crisis.
    ???商议家的商议对本场危害至关心注重要。?
  215. The director's indirect direction led to the incorrect erection of the rectifier.
    教导者直接的教导导致整流器的一无所长安装。
  216. The prospective inspector prospected his prospect with his own perspective.
    ?   现在的调查员用自身的见识勘探的她的前景。
  217. Two suspicious aspects are suspected respectively.
    三个困惑的上边分别面前境遇思疑。
  218. This section about insects is written by a respectable specialist.
    有关昆虫的这一节是由一人可敬的专家撰写的。
  219. I assure the injured jury that a sure insurance is ensured.
    自己让受伤的陪审团确信一笔有把握的保管猎取的管教。
  220. My durable endurance made me endure the injury during insurance.
    自个儿彻彻底底的隐忍使本人经受了保险时期的伤害。?
  221. I can't endure the leisured man's measures for the treasures in the treasury.
    .   小编不能够耐受那些悠闲男生对金库元宝接纳的法子。
  222. In the exchange the oranges are arranged into strange ranges.
    在交易所里香橙被排成古怪的行。
  223. The ashtray, splashed with ash, crashed with a clash in a flash while being washed.
    卓殊溅有尘土的暗红盘在保洁时咣当一声一下子摔碎了。
  224. He dashed to smash the fashionable ashtray with cash.
    他猛冲过去用现钞砸那三个过时的牡蛎白盘。
  225. I feel a bit of bitterness for his ambitious exhibition.
    自身为她雄心壮志的展览认为一丝丝疼痛。
  226. On the orbit, the rabbits habitually inherited the merits of the inhabitants.
    在轨道上,兔子习贯性承袭那八个市民的独到之处。
  227. He r rejoicing voice is void of something avoidable.
    她感觉开心的音响缺乏了可制止的事体。
  228. I prefer the preferable preference you referred to in the reference books.
    本人更欣赏你在参考书里参谋的越来越好的宠幸。
  229. The specialist specifically specified a special pacific means especially.
    专家特别分明钦赐特地的一方平安的主意。
  230. The speculator specifically specified the specification of this species specimen.
    黄牛党鲜明钦定这件种类样品的辨证。
  231. I'm to be punished for publishing his bad reputation to the public of the republic.
    自个儿将因对共和国的大伙儿出版她的坏名声受四处置罚款。
  232. The drug trafficker is concerned about the condition of the traditional concert.
    毒品贩怀念古板的音乐会的处境。
  233. It's a fable that the cable enables the disabled man to be able to walk.
    那是那封电报使伤残人士可以能走的一个寓言。
  234. The problem is that those who are out of jobs probably rob.
    主题素材是那个这些失掉工作者可能抢劫。
  235. His wicked trick is to get the kids to kick bricks and lick the cricket ticket.
    他的有黑心的图谋是让那几个儿女踢砖况兼舐板球竞赛票。
  236. The thin sick chicken picks the thick sticky stick quickly.
    薄的患病的扁嘴娘肉飞快挑厚的发粘的棍。
  237. The animals unanimously vanished from the mammal's room furnished with Spanish furniture.
    动物一律从哺乳动物的备有西班牙(Reino de España)家俱的房间中流失。
  238. The loosened goose chooses the cheese to eat.
    被放松的鹅选拔乳酪吃。
  239. By policy, the police impolitely sliced the politician's politics books.
    依政策,警察没礼貌的把军事家的政治书切片。
  240. At the neck of the wrecked deck, the reckoner checked the opaque cheque.
    在受害的甲板的脖子,总计者检查不透明的支票。
  241. The scholar foolishly took the school cooling pool for swimming pool.
    学者迟钝花费高校冷却给游泳池的水池。
  242. Having played golf, the wolf in wool rested on the tool stool in the zoo.
    曾经打高尔夫球后,在羊毛里的狼在动物园放在工具凳子上。
  243. Citizens in the city's civil buildings are all civilized.
    在城堡的民用建筑里的全体公民全体被教导。
  244. The pious man is dubious about the vicious civilian's vivid description of his vicinity to his wife.
    倾心的男人向他的到他的妻妾生动地描述周围的市民的缺陷。
  245. The corps' corn in the corner is scorned by the stubborn corporation.
    偏执的店堂蔑视在角落的有限集团的玉米。
  246. The attorney's horn lies horizontally in the thorns.
    辩驳律师的角水平在于棘刺。
  247. I seem to deem his foreseeing of that the man will seek seeds in the weed.
    自个儿就好像以为他的那的预言那家伙将要荒草里搜寻种子。
  248. The agreement disagrees in the degree of agreeable freedom.
    共谋在令人乐意的妄动的度方面差别等。
  249. In the freezing breeze, the breeder greedily squeezed oil from the seeds.
    在冰冻的和风进度中,喂养员贪婪从种子中挤出油。
  250. We need reed needles to speed the deed indeed.
    我们必要在针上装簧管的确加速行为。
  251. The accessory successor never made concessions to difficulties, so he succeeded in accessing successive successes.
    直属继承者从未向困难妥洽,由此在走向一连的中标之路上成功了.
  252. I exceed the excellent student who has excessive excellence.
    小编赶上十一分有过多优点的优异学生.
  253. During the procession, the microprocessor finished the processing procedure.
    在军队行进时,微处理器实现了加工进程.
  254. The chess professor confessed his professional blessing in the confession.
    象棋教师在供状中肯定了其职业福气.
  255. The progressive congressman dressed in black stressed his distress.
    穿着原野绿衣裳的前行国会议员重申了他的不幸.
  256. The man depressed by the pressure from the press expressed the impression on him.
    丰富受到来自消息界压力压抑的人发布了她的印象.
  257. Initially I kept silent to the essential essay.
    发端笔者对那几个重中之重的短评保持沉默。
  258. The enforced law reinforced that forced divorce is forbidden.
    试行的法度强化了取缔强迫离异.
  259. In the cork workshop, the workers fork the pork.
    在软木车间,工人们用刀叉叉豚肉.
  260. That person personally persuaded the personnel with persuasive words.
    老大人用有说服力的话亲自说服了人事部门。
  261. The dull bull fully fulfilled pulling the bulletproof bulletin board.
    鲁钝的耕牛足够奉行了拖防弹布告牌(的职务)。
  262. The lucky duck tucked in truck suddenly sucked the gas from the bucket.
    塞在卡车上的托福鸭子顿然从桶里吸原油.
  263. Boil the oil soiled by the coil in the toilet lest it spoil.
    把被盥洗室里的圈子弄脏的油煮开,免得它变质.
  264. The selfish man put himself on the shelf.
    不行得鱼忘荃的人把温馨不了而了。
  265. In this climate, the climber climbed up the cliff with his stiff limbs.
    在这种天气下,攀缘者用累教不改的四肢爬上悬崖.
  266. The puffy staff's stuffy chests are stuffed with sufficient suffering.
    气短的老干部们闷热的胸中填满了丰硕的伤心.
  267. The member of good memory remembers to commemorate his friend with memorials.
    那位记性好的积极分子记得用表记回想他的恋人。
  268. The room is lumbered with numerous cucumbers.
    房内乱堆着大量胡瓜。
  269. The poet's toes get out of his shoes. Here heroes are zeros.
    作家的趾头露出了鞋子。在此处勇敢无足轻重。
  270. In the library, arbitrary the librarian wrote the auxiliary diary about military literature.
    在体育场所,武断的书籍管理员写下了有关军事管理学的相助日记。
  271. The royal destroyer employs lots of loyal employees.
    皇族驱逐舰雇佣了重重忠心的雇员.
  272. On the voyage, the enjoyable toy brought me joy and annoyance.
    在航行中,使人欢欣的玩意儿给小编带来欢愉和烦恼.
  273. Her boyfriend fed a box of oxygen and hydrogen to the ox and fox.
    她男朋友给牛和狐狸喂了一盒子氧和氢.
  274. The instructor struggled to say, "The structure of the construction led to the destruction."
    教师的资质挣扎着说:"建筑物的结构导致本场毁灭."
  275. I debated that the debtor was doubtless in double troubles.
    本人争论说债务人很也许处于双重困境中。
  276. With a dim triumph, she trims the swimming-suit rim at the swimming-pool brim.
    她带着阴暗的开心在泳池边收拾泳装的边缘.
  277. Twice the twin king wins the winter swinging under the wing of the plane.
    双生国王四次得到无序机翼下的荡秋千赛。
  278. Having piled miles of files, the compiler smiled a while at the profile.
    堆了几英里长的文件之后,编辑对着侧边笑了一会.
  279. By the spoon you'll soon see the smooth tooth of the moon above the booth.
    依傍汤匙你能够即时看出电话亭上方月亮的光滑牙齿.
  280. She met me in the Fleet Street and greeted me with a sweet smile.
    他在舰队街上遇见小编,并对自家施加甜甜的一笑.
  281. The conductor is reluctant to reduce the conductivity of the semiconductor.
    编剧不情愿裁减本征半导体的导电率.
  282. The producer introduced a productive technological product into production.
    创立者把一项多产的手艺成果引入到生产中.
  283. The anxious man is unconscious of my anxiety.
    那个不安的人尚未察觉到本人的心焦.
  284. Previously he was obviously envious of my success.
    以前她一览了然地嫉妒小编的成功.
  285. I highly appreciate the preceding man's precious precise exercise.
    自家中度欣赏日前那家伙可贵的确切练习.
  286. The miracle mirrors a horrible error made by the terrorists in the terrible territory.
    这件奇事反映了恐怖分子在这一骇人据书上说地区犯的三人市虎错误.
  287. I hurt my tongue when I hurried to eat cherry and strawberry merrily.
    自家急不可待快活地吃英桃和明晶草莓时伤了舌头.
  288. The man proclaimed in exclamatiogogo claim.
    那个家伙呼喊着注脚说他希图索回无对象的索赔.
  289. In no circumstances can the bicycle in the circle of the circus be a focus.
    马戏表演圈子中的自行车决不会化为核心.
  290. I'm busy unless I'm blessed with less lesson.
    本身很忙,除非笔者很幸运唯有一丢丢功课.
  291. How to pronounce the noun "ounce" in the announcement?
    公告中的名词"千克"如何发音?
  292. It's incredible that the editor's editorial in this edition is edible.
    本版中的编辑社论能够食用令人匪夷所思。
  293. The whistler whispered, "Which is rich?"
    鸣笛者低语道:"哪七个具备?"
  294. Which method of making the metal helmet is more economical in total?
    生产这种金属头盔的章程哪种一体化上更省去?
  295. The diligent teller told a tedious story about the intelligent satellite.
    努力的先生陈诉了二个有关智能卫星的平淡好玩的事.
  296. The soda made the goddess nod by the fishing rod.
    苏打使美女在钓竿旁打瞌睡.
  297. The modest man moderately modified the model in this mode.
    谦虚者适度地用这种方法修改了模型。
  298. The humorous rumour has something to do with human humanity and vanity.
    特别有趣传闻与人类的爱心和虚荣心有关。
  299. The wakened cake baker awakes to that he has to brake by the lake.
    被唤起的翻糖蛋糕师傅醒悟到她必得在湖边行车制动器踏板。
  300. I errorr who takes my stake by mistake.
    本身追上这么些误拿我赌注的承办人.

Day 5 Vocabulary

  1. The loser closely enclosed himself in the closet。

2.Critical thinking, as we will use the term, refers to the following:

Before them people believed Aristotle, who said that the nature of a body was to be at rest and that it moved only if drive by a force or impulse.

卓殊败北者把温馨严密地密封在小室内。

  1. awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions; 2. ability to ask and answer these critical questions in an appropriate manner; and 3. desire to actively use the critical questions.

  2. We think you would rather choose for yourself what to absorb and what to ignore. To make this choice, you must read with a special attitude—a questionasking attitude. Such a thinking style requires active participation. The writer is trying to speak to you, and you should try to talk back to him, even though he is not physically present.

  3. We think you would rather choose for yourself what to absorb and what to ignore. To make this choice, you must read with a special attitude—a questionasking attitude. Such a thinking style requires active participation. The writer is trying to speak to you, and you should try to talk back to him, even though he is not physically present. We call this interactive approach the panning-for-gold style of thinking.

  4. The most important characteristic of the panning-for-gold approach is interactive involvement—a dialogue between the writer and the reader, or the speaker and the listener. As a critical thinker, you are willing to agree with others, but first you need some convincing answers to your questions. Did I ask “why” someone wants me to believe something? Did I take notes as I thought about potential problems with what was being said? Did I evaluate what was being said? Did I form my own conclusion about the topic based on the reasonableness of what was said?

  5. We bring lots of personal baggage to every decision we make -- experiences, dreams, values, training, and cultural habits. However, if you are to grow, you need to recognize these feelings, and, as much as you are able, put them on a shelf for a bit. Only that effort will enable you to listen carefully when others offer arguments that threaten or violate your current beliefs. This openness is important because many of our own positions on issues are not especially reasonable ones; they are opinions given to us by others, and over many years we develop emotional attachments to them. Indeed, we frequently believe that we are being personally attacked when someone presents a conclusion contrary to our own. The danger of being emotionally involved in an issue is that you may fail to consider potential good reasons for other positions -- reasons that might be sufficient to change your mind on the issue if only you would listen to them.

  6. To give you an initial sense of the skills that Asking the Right Questions will help you acquire, we will list the critical questions for you here. By the end of the book, you should know when and how to ask these questions productively: What are the issues and the conclusions? What are the reasons? Which words or phrases are ambiguous? What are the value conflicts and assumptions? What are the descriptive assumptions? Are there any fallacies in the reasoning? How good is the evidence? Are there rival causes? Are the statistics deceptive? What significant information is omitted? What reasonable conclusions are possible?

  7. Such issues are descriptive issues. They are commonly found in textbooks, magazines, the Internet, and television. Such issues reflect our curiosity about patterns or order in the world. Note the boldfaced words that begin each question above; when questions begin with these words, they will probably be descriptive questions.

  8. All these questions have one thing in common. They demand answers attempting to describe the way the world is, was, or is going to be. For example, answers to the first two questions might be, "In general, families with pets have fewer arguments with one another," and "Poor dietary habits cause high blood pressure." Such issues are descriptive issues. They are commonly found in textbooks, magazines, the Internet, and television. Such issues reflect our curiosity about patterns or order in the world. Note the boldfaced words that begin each question above; when questions begin with these words, they will probably be descriptive questions.

    1. All of these questions demand answers suggesting the way the world ought to be. For example, answers to the first two questions might be, "Capital punishment should be abolished," and "We aught to increase social security benefits." These issues are ethical, or moral, issues; they raise questions about what is right or wrong, desirable or undesirable, good or bad. They demand prescriptive answers. Thus, we will refer to these issues as prescriptive issues. Social controversies are often prescriptive issues.
  9. Conclusions are inferred; they are derived from reasoning. Conclusions are ideas that require other ideas to support them. Thus, whenever someone claims something is true or ought to be done and provides no statements to support her claim, that claim is not a conclusion because no one has offered any basis for belief. In contrast, unsupported claims are what we refer to as mere opinions.

    1. Before you can evaluate an author's argument, you must clearly identify the issue and conclusion. How can you evaluate an argument if you don't know exactly what the author is trying to persuade you to believe? Finding an author's main point is the first step in deciding whether you will accept or reject it.
    2. An argument is a combination of two forms of statements: a conclusion and the reasons allegedly supporting it. The partnership between reasons and conclusion establishes a person's argument.
  10. Communicators appeal to many kinds of evidence to "prove their point." These include "the facts," research findings, examples from real life, statistics, appeals to experts and authorities, personal testimonials, metaphors, and analogies.

  11. Communicators appeal to many kinds of evidence to "prove their point." These include "the facts," research findings, examples from real life, statistics, appeals to experts and authorities, personal testimonials, metaphors, and analogies.

  • impulse
    1.N
    An impulse is a sudden desire to do sth.
    E.g. Unable to resist the impulse, he glanced at the sea again
    2.N
    An impulse is a short electrical signal that is sent along a wire or nerve pr through the ai,usually as one of a series.
  1. The composer was proposed to decompose his composition into components。

but Galileo did do something equivalent :he rolled balls of different weights down a smooth slope.

作曲家被提出将撰写分解成单元。

  1. Resist the temptation to make note of the unclear meaning of any and all words. Only the ambiguity in the reasoning is crucial to critical thinkers.

  2. Critical thinkers believe that autonomy, curiosity, and reasonableness are among the most important of human objectives.

    1. Assumptions are: hidden or unstated (in most cases); taken for granted; influential in determining the conclusion; and potentially deceptive.
  3. In particular, there are two places to look for assumptions. Look for assumptions needed for the reason (s) to support the conclusions (linkage assumptions) and look for ones necessary for a reason to be true. We first introduce you to assumptions that are extremely influential in prescriptive arguments—value assumptions. Look for value assumptions in the movement from reasons to conclusion!

  4. Value assumptions are very important assumptions for such arguments because they are directing the reasoning from behind a screen. The person trying to communicate with you may or may not be aware of these assumptions. You should make it a habit to identify the value assumptions on which the reasons are based.

  5. Value assumptions are very important assumptions for such arguments because they are directing the reasoning from behind a screen. The person trying to communicate with you may or may not be aware of these assumptions. You should make it a habit to identify the value assumptions on which the reasons are based. By value assumption, we mean a taken-for-granted belief about the relative desirability of certain competing values. When authors take a position on a social controversy, they typically prefer one value over another value—they have value priorities or preferences. The rest of this chapter is devoted to increasing your awareness of the role played by value conflicts and value priorities in determining a person's opinions or conclusions. This awareness will help you locate and evaluate this important type of assumption.

  6. Before you can discover the importance of values in shaping conclusions, you must have some understanding of what a value is. Values, as we will use the term, are ideas that someone thinks are worthwhile. You will find that it is the importance one assigns to abstract ideas that has the major influence on one's choices and behavior.

  7. Values, as we will use the term, are ideas that someone thinks are worthwhile. You will find that it is the importance one assigns to abstract ideas that has the major influence on one's choices and behavior.

  8. When we use the word value in this chapter, we will be referring to an (abstract) idea representing what someone thinks is important and good.

  9. Values are standards of conduct that we endorse and expect people to meet. When we expect our political representatives to "tell the truth," we are indicating to them and to ourselves that honesty is one of our most cherished values. Ask yourself what you expect your friends to be like. What standards of conduct would you want your children to develop? Answers to these questions should help you enlarge your understanding of values.

  10. When a writer takes a stand on controversial prescriptive issues, she is usually depreciating one commonly shared value while upholding another.

  11. Look again at the definition, and you will immediately see that, by definition, most values will be on everyone's list. Because many values are shared, values by themselves are not a powerful guide to understanding. What leads you to answer a prescriptive question differently from someone else is the relative intensity with which you hold specific values.

  12. A writer's preference for particular values is often unstated, but that value preference, nevertheless, will have a major impact on her conclusion and on how she chooses to defend it. These unstated assertions about value priorities function as value assumptions. Some refer to these assumptions as value judgments. Recognition of relative support for conflicting values or sets of values provides you with both an improved understanding of what you are reading and a basis for eventual evaluation of prescriptive arguments.

  13. When a writer takes a stand on controversial prescriptive issues, she is usually depreciating one commonly shared value while upholding another.

    1. A writer's preference for particular values is often unstated, but that value preference, nevertheless, will have a major impact on her conclusion and on how she chooses to defend it. These unstated assertions about value priorities function as value assumptions. Some refer to these assumptions as value judgments. Recognition of relative support for conflicting values or sets of values provides you with both an improved understanding of what you are reading and a basis for eventual evaluation of prescriptive arguments. When a writer takes a stand on controversial prescriptive issues, she is usually depreciating one commonly shared value while upholding another.
  14. So when you look for value assumptions, look for an indication of value priorities. Ask yourself what values are being upheld by this position and what values are being relatively downgraded in importance.

  15. When evaluating a controversy, try to find several value conflicts, as a check on yourself. Some controversies will have one primary value conflict; others may have several.

  16. Remember, when someone takes a position on a controversial topic, she will be revealing a value priority—a preference for one value over another.

  17. Finally, you can always check to see whether the disagreement results from a value conflict concerning the rights of an individual to behave in a particular fashion and the welfare of the group affected by the behavior in question. Many arguments rest implicitly on a stance with respect to this enduring value conflict.

    1. Once you have identified the connecting assumptions, you have answered the question, "On what basis can that conclusion be drawn from that reason?" The next natural step is to ask, "Is there any basis for accepting the assumptions?" If not, then, for you, the reason fails to provide support for the conclusion. If so, then the reason provides logical support for the conclusion.
  18. When you identify descriptive assumptions, you are identifying the link between a reason and the author's conclusion. If this link is flawed, the reason does not necessarily lead to the conclusion.

  19. When you identify descriptive assumptions, you are identifying the link between a reason and the author's conclusion. If this link is flawed, the reason does not necessarily lead to the conclusion. Consequently, identifying the descriptive assumptions allows you to determine whether an author's reasons lead to a conclusion. You will want to accept a conclusion only when there are good reasons that lead to the conclusion. Thus, when you determine that the link between the reasons and conclusion is flawed, you will want to be reluctant to accept the author's conclusion.

  20. We call this fallacy the searching for perfect solutions fallacy. It takes the form: A solution to X does not deserve our support unless it destroys the problem entirely. If we ever find a perfect solution, then we should adopt it. But because the fact that part of a problem would remain after a solution is tried does not mean the solution is unwise. A particular solution may be vastly superior to no solution at all. It may move us closer to solving the problem completely.

  21. To prove that medical marijuana is desirable, she appeals to questionable authorities—a California Association. A position is not good just because the authorities are for it. What is important in determining the relevance of such reasoning is the evidence that the authorities are using in making their judgment. Unless we know that these authorities have special knowledge about this issue, we must treat this reason as a fallacy. Such a fallacy is called the Appeal to Questionable Authority fallacy.

  22. The writer has tricked us in another way. She states that the program will "tear them from their families and mothers," and the children will be "pawns in a universal scheme." Of course, nobody wants these things to happen to their children. However, the important question is whether in fact the bill will do these things. Not likely!

  23. Always be cautious when controversies are treated as if only two choices are possible; there are usually more than two. When a communicator oversimplifies an issue by stating only two choices, the error is referred to as an either-or or false dilemma fallacy. To find either-or fallacies, be on the alert for phrases like the following: either ... or the only alternative is the two choices are because A has not worked, only B will.

  24. When reasoning requires us to assume incorrectly that what we think should be matches what is, or what will be, it commits the wishful thinking fallacy. We would hope that what should be the case would guide our behavior.

  25. Sounds like Ms. Goodheart is a wonderful person, doesn't it? But the speech fails to provide any specifics about the senator's past record or present position on issues. Instead, it presents a series of virtue words that tend to be associated with deep-seated positive emotions. We call these virtue words "Glittering Generalities," because they have such positive associations and are so general as to mean whatever the reader wants them to mean. The Glittering Generality device leads us to approve or accept a conclusion without examining relevant reasons, evidence, or specific advantages or disadvantages. The Glittering Generality is much like name-calling in reverse because name-calling seeks to make us form a negative judgment without examining the evidence.

  26. What is the real issue? Is the public being misled about the safety of pain-killer drugs? But if the reader is not careful, his attention will be diverted to the issue of whether the public wants to use these drugs.

  27. What is the real issue? Is the public being misled about the safety of pain-killer drugs? But if the reader is not careful, his attention will be diverted to the issue of whether the public wants to use these drugs. When a writer or speaker shifts our attention from the issue, we can say that she has drawn a red herring

  28. It is obvious that he is yet another victim of the AIDS hysteria sweeping the nation.

  29. Sex education exclusive of the family is stripped of values or any sense of morality, and should thus be discouraged. For years families have taken the responsibility of sex education, and that's the way it should remain.

  30. Sex education in schools encourages experimentation. Kids are curious. Letting them in on the secret of sex at such a young age will promote blatant promiscuity. Frank discussions of sex are embarrassing for children, and they destroy the natural modesty

  31. The surgeon general's recommendation removes the role of the family entirely. It should be up to parents to explain sex to their children in a manner with which they are comfortable.

  32. Only recently has sex education been forced on young children. The surgeon general's recommendation removes the role of the family entirely. It should be up to parents to explain sex to their children in a manner with which they are comfortable.

  33. Because it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to establish the absolute truth or falsity of most claims, rather than ask whether they are true, we prefer to ask whether they are dependable.

    1. Because it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to establish the absolute truth or falsity of most claims, rather than ask whether they are true, we prefer to ask whether they are dependable. In essence, we want to ask, "Can we count on such beliefs?" The greater the quality and quantity of evidence supporting a claim, the more we can depend on it, and the more we can call the claim a "fact."
  • equivalent
    1.N.
    If one amount or value is the equivalent of another,they are the same.
    E.g: the equivalent of two tablespoons of polyunsaturated oils is ample each day.
    2.ADJ
    A unit is equivalent to a glass of wine or a single measure of spirits.
  1. Suppose you were exposed in the opposite position by your opponent.。.

Galileo 's measurements were used by Newton as the basis of his laws of motions.

设若你被对手暴光在相反的职位……

  1. The major difference between claims that are opinions and those that are facts is the present state of the relevant evidence. The more supporting evidence there is for a belief, the more "factual" the belief becomes.

  2. When we use intuition to support a claim, we rely on "common sense," or on our "gut feelings," or on hunches. When a communicator supports a claim by saying "common sense tells us" or "I just know that it's true," she is using intuition as her evidence.

    1. personal experiences often lead us to commit the Hasty Generalization fallacy.
  3. Hasty Generalization Fallacy: A person draws a conclusion about a large group based on experiences with only a few members of the group.

    1. Commercials, ads for movies, recommendations on the backs of book jackets, and "proofs" of the existence of the paranormal or other controversial or extraordinary life events often try to persuade by using a special kind of appeal to personal experience; they quote particular persons as saying that a given idea or product is good or bad, or that extraordinary events have occurred, based upon their personal experiences. Such quoted statements serve as personal testimonials.
  4. the people who provide the testimonials have often been selective in their attention, paying special attention to information that confirms their beliefs and ignoring discontinuing information. Often, believing is seeing! Our expectancies greatly influence how we experience events. If we believe that aliens live among us, or that humans never really landed on the moon, then we are more likely to see ambiguous images as aliens or as proof of the government conspiracy regarding the moon landing.

  5. we need to ask, "Does the person providing the testimony have a relationship with what he is advocating such that we can expect a strong bias in his testimony?"

  6. You should remember, that for many reasons, authorities are often wrong. Also, they often disagree. The following examples, taken from T_he Experts Speak_, are clear reminders of the fallibility of expert opinion

  7. These quotes should remind us that we need to ask critical questions when communicators appeal to authority. We need to ask, " Why should we believe this authority?" More specifically, we should ask the following questions of authorities. How much expertise or training does the authority have about the subject about which he is communicating? Is this a topic the person has studied for a long time? Or, has the person had extensive experience related to the topic?

    1. In general, you should be more impressed by primary sources—or direct observers— than by secondary sources, those who are relying on others for their evidence. Time and Newsweek, for example, are secondary sources, while research journals such as the Journal of the American Medical Association are primary sources.
  8. factors that can influence how evidence is reported are personal needs, prior expectations, general beliefs, attitudes, values, theories, and ideologies. These can subconsciously or deliberately affect how evidence is presented. For example, if a public university president is asked whether cuts in funding for education are bad for the university, he will in all probability answer "yes" and give a number of good reasons. He may be giving an unbiased view of the situation. Because of his position, however, we would want to be concerned about the possibility that he has sought out only those reasons that justify his own biases.

  9. We can, however, expect less bias from some authorities than from others and try to determine such bias by seeking information about the authority's personal interest in the topic. For example, we want to be especially wary when an authority stands to benefit financially from the actions she advocates.

    1. Because an authority can have a personal interest in an issue and still make dependable claims, we should not reject a claim simply because we suspect that the authority's personal interests may interfere with her fairness. One helpful step we can take is to check to see whether authorities with diverse attitudes, prior expectations, values, and interests agree. Thus we need to ask the questions: "Has the authority developed a reputation for frequently making dependable claims? Have we been able to rely on this authority in the past?"
  10. You will want to be especially concerned about the quality of authorities when you encounter factual claims on the Internet. When we go on-line, virtually everyone becomes an "authority," because people are free to claim whatever they wish, and there is no built-in process to evaluate such claims. It is clearly a "buyers beware" situation!

  11. difficulty with personal observation, however, is the tendency to see or hear what we wish to see or hear, selecting and remembering those aspects of an experience that are most consistent with our previous experience and background.

  • motion
    N-count
    Motion is the activity or process of continually changing position or moving from one place to another.
    E.g. The laws governing light,sound,and motion.
  1. The depositor positively positioned the preposition in that position on purpose。

The ide a was first stated explicitly in newton 's Principia Mathematica.

储户有意确信地介词放置在拾壹分地方。

  1. While personal observations can often be valuable sources of evidence, we need to recognize that they are not unbiased "mirrors of reality"; and when they are used to support controversial conclusions, we should seek verification by other observers as well as other kinds of evidence to support the conclusion.

  2. Also, remember that observational reports get increasingly problematic as the time between the observation and the report of the observation increases.

  3. When reports of observations in newspapers, magazines, books, television, and the Internet are used as evidence, you need to determine whether there are good reasons to rely on such reports. The most reliable reports will be based on recent observations made by several people observing under optimal conditions who have no apparent, strong expectations or biases related to the event being observed.

  4. Research varies greatly in quality, we should rely more on some research studies than others. There is well-done research and there is poorly done research, and we should rely more on the former.

  5. Research findings do not prove conclusions. At best, they support conclusions. Research findings do not speak for themselves! Researchers must always interpret the meaning of their findings, and all findings can be interpreted in more than one way. Thus, researchers' conclusions should not be treated as demonstrated "truths." When you encounter statements such as "research findings show..." you should retranslate them into "researchers interpret their research findings as showing ..."

  6. Case examples are often compelling to us because of their colorfulness and their interesting details, which make them easy to visualize. Political candidates have increasingly resorted to case examples in their speeches, knowing that the rich details of cases generate an emotional reaction. Such cases, however, should be viewed more as striking examples or anecdotes than as proof, and we must be very suspicious of their use as evidence.

  7. Although case examples will be consistent with a conclusion, do not let that consistency fool you. Always ask yourself: "Is the example typical?" "Are there powerful counterexamples?" "Are there biases in how the example is reported?"

  8. It is especially important to identify analogies when they are used to set the tone of the conversation. Such analogies are used to "frame" an argument. To identify framing analogies, look for comparisons that are used to not only explain a point, but also to influence the direction a discussion will take.

  9. You can almost always find some similarities between any two things. So, analogical reasoning will not be persuasive simply because of many similarities. Strong analogies will be ones in which the two things we compare possess relevant similarities and lack relevant differences.

  10. Critical Question: Are there rival causes? Attention: A rival cause is a plausible alternative explanation that can explain why a certain outcome occurred.

  11. You need to look for rival causes when you have good reason to believe that the writer or speaker is using evidence to support a claim about the cause of something.

  12. The experts may claim to have the answer, but they are not likely to know it. That is because a frequently made error is to look for a simple, single cause of an event when it is really the result of a combination of many contributory causes— a cause that helps to create a total set of conditions necessary for the event to occur.

  • explicit adj.
    Something that's explicit is expressed or shown clearly and openly, without any attempt to hide anything .
    E.g. ...sexually explicit scenes in films and books.
    ...explicit references to age in recruitment advertising.
  • Explicitly
    E.g. The play was the first commercially successful work dealing explicitly with homosexuality.
    Newton's first law: In an inertial reference frame, an object either remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity, unless acted upon by a force.
  1. In church the nurse cursed the people pursuing the purple purse。

Newton's sceond law: In an inertial reference frame, the vector sum of the forces F on an object is equal to the mass m of that object multiplied by the acceleration a of the object: F = ma.

在教堂里,医护人员诅咒了追求天青钱袋的群众。

  1. Multiple contributory causes occur more often than do single causes in situations involving the characteristics or activities of humans. In many cases, the best causal explanation is one that combines a considerable number of causes that only together are sufficient to bring about the event.

  2. Multiple contributory causes occur more often than do single causes in situations involving the characteristics or activities of humans. In many cases, the best causal explanation is one that combines a considerable number of causes that only together are sufficient to bring about the event. So, the best answer experts can give to the talk show hosts' question is "We don't know the cause for such events, but we can speculate about possible causes that might have contributed to the event." Thus, when we are searching for rival causes, we need to remember that any single cause that we identify is much more likely to be a contributory cause than the cause.

  3. Causal Oversimplification: Explaining an event by relying on causal factors that are insufficient to account for the event or by overemphasizing the role of one or more of these factors.

  4. The problem is that research groups almost always differ in more than one important way, and thus group differences often are consistent with multiple causes. Thus, when you see communicators use findings of differences between groups to support one cause, always ask, "Are there rival causes that might also explain the differences in the groups?"

  5. Explanation 1: X is a cause of Y. (Smoking does indeed kill the flu virus.) Explanation 2: Y is a cause of X. (Feeling healthy, or feeling the beginning of what might be the flu, causes people to smoke.) Explanation 3: X and Y are associated because of some third factor, Z. (Smoking and being without the flu are both caused by related factors, such as frequent washing of the hands after smoking prevents the spread of the flu virus.) Explanation 4: X and Y influence each other. (People who do not usually catch the flu have a tendency to smoke, and the smoke may affect some potential illnesses.) Remember: Association or correlation does not prove causation!

  6. A cause will indeed precede its effect. But many things preceded that effect. Most of them were not causal.

  7. Often, we try to explain a particular event as follows: Because event B followed event A, then event A caused event B. Such reasoning occurs because human beings have a strong tendency to believe that if two events occur close together in time, the first one must have caused the second one.

  8. Many events that occur after other events in time are not caused by the preceding events. When we wrongly conclude that the first event causes the second because it preceded it, we commit the Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (meaning: "after this, therefore because of this") fallacy, or, for short, the Post hoc fallacy. Such reasoning is responsible for many superstitious beliefs. For example, you may have written an excellent paper while wearing a particular hat, so now you always insist on wearing the same hat when you write papers.

  9. Post hoc Fallacy: Assuming that a particular event, B, is caused by another event, A, simply because B follows A in time.

  10. Also, a common bias is "the fundamental attribution error," in which we typically overestimate the importance of personal tendencies relative to situational factors in interpreting the behavior of others. That is, we tend to see the cause of other's behavior as coming from within (their personal characteristics) rather than from without (situational forces.) So, for example, when someone steals something from someone else, we are likely to view the stealing initially as a result of a tendency of the person to be immoral or to be inconsiderate. However, we should also consider the role of outside circumstances, such as poverty or an honest mistake.

  11. Be wary of accepting the first interpretation of an event you encounter. Search for rival causes and try to compare their credibility. We must accept the fact that many events do not have a simple explanation.

  12. Statistics often deceive us because they are incomplete. Thus, a further helpful strategy for locating flaws in statistical reasoning is to ask, "What further information do you need before you can judge the impact of the statistics?"

  13. When you encounter impressive-sounding numbers or percentages, be wary. You may need to get other information to decide just how impressive the numbers are. When only absolute numbers are presented, ask whether percentages might help you make a better judgment; when only percentages are presented, ask whether absolute numbers would enrich their meaning.

  14. Imagine a 65-year-old woman who just had a stroke and is discussing treatment options with her doctor. The doctor quotes statistics about three treatment options: (1) Treatment X will reduce the likelihood of a future stroke by 33 percent, (2) Treatment Y will reduce the risk by three percent, and (3) With treatment Z, 94 percent of women are free of a second stroke for 10 years, compared to 91 percent of those who go untreated. Which treatment should she choose? Our guess is that she will choose the first. But all of these options refer to the same size treatment effect. They just express the risk in different ways. The first (the 33 percent) is the "relative risk reduction." If a treatment reduces the risk of heart attack from 9 in 100 to 6 in 100, the risk is reduced by one-third, or 33 percent. But the absolute change, from 9 to 6 percent, is only a three percent reduction, and the improvement of a good outcome from 91 to 94 is also only three percent. The point is that expressing risk reductions in relative, rather than absolute terms, can make treatment effects seem larger than they really are, and individuals are more likely to embrace a treatment when benefits are expressed in relative rather than absolute terms. As you might expect, drug companies usually use relative risk in their ads, and media reports also tend to focus on relative risk. Relative risk reduction statistics can be deceiving. When you encounter arguments using such statistics, always try to determine how the results might be different and less impressive if expressed in absolute terms.

  15. Try to find out as much as you can about how the statistics were obtained. Ask, "How does the author or speaker know?"

  16. Try to find out as much as you can about how the statistics were obtained. Ask, "How does the author or speaker know?" Be curious about the type of average being described. Be alert to users of statistics concluding one thing, but proving another. Blind yourself to the writer's or speaker's statistics and compare the needed statistical evidence with the statistics actually provided. Form your own conclusion from the statistics. If it doesn't match the author's or speaker's conclusion, then something is probably wrong. Determine what information is missing. Be especially alert for misleading numbers and percentages and for missing comparisons.

  17. While critical thinkers are seeking the strength of autonomy, they cannot do so if they are making decisions on the basis of highly limited information. Almost any conclusion or product has some positive characteristics. Those who have an interest in telling us only the information they want us to know will tell us all of these positive characteristics in great and vivid detail. But they will hide the negative aspects of their conclusions. Thus, actual autonomy requires our persistent searching for what is being hidden, either accidentally or on purpose.

  18. those trying to persuade you will almost always try to present their position in the strongest possible light. So when you find what you believe to be persuasive reasons—those gold nuggets for which you are prospecting—it's wise to hesitate and to think about what the author may not have told you,

  19. Critical thinkers value curiosity and reasonableness; those working to persuade you often want to extinguish your curiosity and to encourage you to rely on unreasonable emotional responses to shape your choices.

  20. A particular perspective is like a pair of blinders on a horse. The blinders improve the tendency of the horse to focus on what is directly in front of it. Yet, an individual's perspective, like blinders on a horse, prevents that person from noting certain information that would be important to those who reason from a different frame of reference. Unless your perspective is identical to that of the person trying to persuade you, important omissions of information are to be expected.

  21. Let's review. Omitted information is inevitable for at least five reasons. time and space limitations; limited attention span; inadequacies in human knowledge; deception; and existence of different perspectives.

  22. There is one type of omitted information that we believe is so important to identify and so often overlooked that we want to specifically highlight it for you: the potential negative effects of actions being advocated, such as the use of a new medication, the building of a large new school, or a proposed tax cut. We stress the negative effects here because usually proposals for such action come into existence in the context of backers' heralding their benefits, such as greater reduction of a certain medical problem, better appearance, more leisure, more educational opportunities, increased length of life, and more and/or improved commodities. However, because most actions have such widespread positive and negative impacts, we need to ask: Which segments of society do not benefit from a proposed action? Who loses? What do the losers have to say about it? How does the proposed action affect the distribution of power? Does the action influence the extent of democracy in our society? How does a particular action affect how we view the world: What we think, how we think, and what we know and can know? What are the action's effects on our health? How does the action influence our relationships with one another? With the natural environment? Will the action have a slow, cumulative impact?

  23. Very few important questions can be answered with a simple "yes" or an absolute "no." When people think in black or white, yes or no, right or wrong, or correct or incorrect terms, they engage in dichotomous thinking. This type of thinking consists of assuming there are only two possible answers to a question that has multiple potential answers. This habit of seeing and referring to both sides of a question as if there are only two has devastatingly destructive effects on our thinking. By restricting the conclusions we consider to be only two, we are sharply reducing the robust possibilities that careful reasoning can produce.

  24. dichotomous thinking in general, damages reasoning by overly restricting our vision. We think we are finished after considering two optional decisions, thereby overlooking many options and the positive consequences that could have resulted from choosing one of them. Dichotomous thinkers often are rigid and intolerant because they fail to understand the importance of context for a particular answer.

  25. You have learned that dichotomous thinking can be avoided by qualifying conclusions, by putting them into context. This qualification process requires you to ask about any conclusion: When is it accurate? Where is it accurate? Why or for what purpose is it accurate?

  26. Notice that in each case we added a condition necessary before the conclusion can be justified. In the absence of any data or definitions, any of these seven conclusions could be most reasonable

  27. If you went back over all the alternative conclusions discussed in this chapter, you would notice that each optional conclusion is possible because we are missing certain information, definitions, assumptions, or the frame of reference of the person analyzing the reasons. Consequently, we can create multiple conclusions by the judicious use of if-clauses. In an if-clause, we state a condition that we are assuming in order to enable us to reach a particular conclusion. Notice that the use of if-clauses permits us to arrive at a conclusion without pretending that we know more than we actually do about a particular controversy.

  28. We frequently encounter issues posed in the following form: Such questions naturally "pull" for dichotomous thinking. Often, however, posing questions in this manner hides a broader question, "What should we do about Y?" (usually some pressing problem). Rewording the question in this way leads us to generate multiple conclusions of a particular form: solutions to the problem raised by the reasons. Generating multiple solutions greatly increases the flexibility of our thinking.

  29. Clues for Identifying Alternative Conclusions Try to identify as many conclusions as possible that would follow from the reasons. Use if-clauses to qualify alternative conclusions. Reword the issue to "What should we do about Y?"

  30. Very rarely do reasons mean just one thing. After evaluating a set of reasons, you still must decide what conclusion is most consistent with the best reasons in the controversy. To avoid dichotomous thinking in your search for the strongest conclusion, provide alternative contexts for the conclusions through the use of when, where, and why questions.

  31. Question Checklist for Critical Thinking What are the issue and the conclusion? What are the reasons? Which words or phrases are ambiguous? What are the value conflicts and assumptions? What are the descriptive assumptions? Are there any fallacies in the reasoning? How good is the evidence? Are there rival causes? Are the statistics deceptive? What significant information is omitted? What reasonable conclusions are possible?

  32. Clearly, we might agree or disagree with the conclusion depending on the meaning of regular exercise; thus the phrase is an important ambiguity.

  33. Criticism is always a tricky business. In many families and schools, disagreement is identified with meanness. In these settings, the preferred social role is smiling agreement with whatever reasoning is announced. As a critical thinker, you must consider the stark sound of your critical questions in such a context and work self-consciously to make certain that your critical thinking is seen in its best light.

  34. Criticism is always a tricky business. In many families and schools, disagreement is identified with meanness. In these settings, the preferred social role is smiling agreement with whatever reasoning is announced. As a critical thinker, you must consider the stark sound of your critical questions in such a context and work self-consciously to make certain that your critical thinking is seen in its best light. Your best strategy is to present yourself as someone, who like the person who made the argument in the first place is stumbling around, but always watchful for better conclusions. Openness is a central value of a critical thinker, and you show that openness by your eagerness to listen and discover. Whoever finds the better conclusion first is not relevant; what is important is the search for better conclusions. If you give signals to those trying to persuade you that you are their partner in a discovery process intended to enrich you both, they may see your critical questions as a tool that is indispensable to both of you.

Newton's third law: When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body.

  1. The faculty for agricultural culture isn't difficult to cultivate。

This states that the body will accelerate,or change its speed, at a rate that is proportional to the force .

林业培育技巧轻松作育。

  1. How can you give others the sense that your critical thinking is a friendly tool, one that can improve the lives of the listener and the speaker, the reader, and the writer? Like other critical thinkers, we are always struggling with this question. Let us conclude this book with a few of the techniques we try to use. Be certain to demonstrate that you really want to grasp what is being said. Ask questions that indicate your willingness to grasp and accept new conclusions. Restate what you heard or read and ask whether your understanding of the argument is consistent with what was written or spoken. Voice your critical questions as if you are curious. Nothing is more deadly to the effective use of critical thinking than an attitude of "Aha, I caught you making an error." Request additional reasons that might enable the person to make a stronger argument than the one originally provided. Work hard to keep the conversation going. If critical thinking is deployed like a bomb, thinking on that topic is halted. Ask the other person for permission to allow you to explore any weaknesses in the reasoning. The idea with this strategy is to encourage the other person to examine the argument with you. Convey the impression that you and the other person are collaborators, working toward the same objective - improved conclusions.
  • accelerate verb
    If the process or rate of something accelerates or if something accelerates it, it gets faster and faster.
    E.g. Growth will accelerate to 2.9per cent next year.
  1. The reservoir in the reserved preserve is an obstacle to the obstinate observer。

In addition to his laws o f motion,Newton discovered a law to describe the force of gravity.

预留敬爱区内的水库对执迷不悟的观察者是贰个阻力。

  • gravity n-uncount
  1. The desert deserves the nervous servants to observe。

Gravity is the force which causes things to drop to the ground.
E.g. Arrows would continue to fly forward in a straight line were it not for gravity,which brings them down to earth.
*centre of gravity 重心 *

十二分沙漠值得神经恐慌的办事员们去观看。

if the law were that the gravitational attraction of a star went down faster or increased more rapidly with distance,the orbits of the planets would not be elliptical,they would either spiral in to the sun or escape from the sun.

  1. The bulk of the ruby rubbish on the pebble bubbles when stirred by bulbed rubber club。
  • elliptical adj
    Something that is elliptical has the shape of an ellipse 椭圆的,像椭圆的
    E.g. The moon's elliptical orbit.

小卵石上的绝大好些个红宝石废料在用有球状突起的橡皮短棍和弄时会起泡。

The big difference between the ideas of Aristotle and those of Galileo and Newton is that Aristotle believed in a preferred state of rest, which any body would take up if I were not driven by some force or impulse.

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